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Nov 9, 2011

Aquaculture to Provide 50% Percent World Fish Consumption

Aquaculture facility.
Photo: José Aguilar Manjarrez, FAO
On 9 November 2001, the United Nations published an FAO report concluding that by 2012, aquaculture will account for of all fish consumed globally.  Entitled World Aquaculture 2010, the report highlights a growth in the industry of more that 60% between 2002-2008 (from 32.4 million tons to 52.5 million tons).
Two other conclusions: 1) Growth in aquaculture is a result of "stagnating global capture fishery production and an increasing population;" and 2) Aquaculture is an alternative business venture that offers hope to alleviating poverty and hunger. 

Aquaculture's growth is uneven when measured globally.  The greatest growth is Asia-Pacific (89.1% of global production).  China leds the list with 62.3% of global production. Eleven out the top 15 nations are in Asia-Pacific.
Specialization have been established including: "China with carps; China, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia and India with shrimps and prawns; and Norway and Chile with salmon."

Issues that need to be addressed: quality and safe products; animal health and welfare; food safety; traceability; certification; and ecolabelling.

The FAO report is the result of the Global Aquaculture Conference held in Phuket, Thailand in 2010 

For more see: "Meeting growing demand for fish," FAO Press Release, 9 Nov. 2011.

FAO Global Aquaculture Conference Report.

About Margaret

CEO and Curator (The Food Museum) | Managing Director and Chief Editor (GR2 Global LLC) | Educator (UCLA PhD) | Researching and writing on global food issues, nutrition and health, sustainability, history (preservation), conservation (natural resources), and design.
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