This includes a report published 27 January 2012 compiling recommendations from a regional science and technology workshop held by the International Council for Science (ICSU) and UNESCO in August 2011 in Mexico City. Work on it was done by more than 60 representatives from more than 20 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean from a variety of fields including natural sciences, social sciences, public policy, government, NGOs, indigenous peoples, and the private sector.
This ICSU initiative proposes that developed and developing nations earmark one percent of their defense funds to create a sustainable development fund. This money could then be used for targeted projects that address:
- the loss of biodiversity
- hazardous waste management
- climate change
- natural disasters
- planning to meet the growing urbanization
- poverty eradication
- cultural diversity
- development of clean energy and sustainable agriculture
The report stressed that creating a green economy "requires political will." According to Alice Abreu, regional coordinator of the ICSU initiative, "to support the objectives of sustainable development it is necessary to change the way we think and do science. ... The challenges require that we strengthen scientific and technological knowledge as a basis for making decisions."