|NASA image from space|
area in red, severe drought in Syria and Iraq
that began in the winter of 2007-2008
Photo: NASA/Earth Observatory
Syria has been experiencing drought since 2007. This has led to forced migration from the farming regions in the northern and eastern part of the country. These displaced people have not been given the status of being refugees. They have been relocating to informal camps on the periphery of urban centers. These are the same regions experiencing political turmoil. This is turn has resulted in some of the displaced people returning to their farms without adequate food and water resources. They also lack seeds and other agricultural inputs necessary to recover. Those farmers who have been able to produce agricultural products are hampered by the disruptions in transportation and high fuel costs.
The FAO estimates that it has only been able to meet the "life-sustaining assistance" needs of less than 20 percent of those who require aid.
For more see: "Syria: Insecurity Makes Drought-Hit Farmers Even More Vunerable, IRIN, 17 February 2012.