According to the WFP and government of Mozambique, malnutrition is directly related to economic hardships. By their estimates, “deficiencies in iron, vitamin A and iodine cost the country more than US$ 119 million; around 1.2 % of the country’s GDP” annually. Approximately 44% of children under age five suffer from chronic malnutrition. One result of this is high growth stunting and long-term physical underdevelopment.
WFP is assisting with the establishment of a food voucher program for people with HIV/AIDS. It is also working to coordinate fortification of food, which requires establishing links between local food producers and food processors. Fortified products include wheat flour, corn and oil.
For more see:
Scott, Naomi. “Fortifying Fight Against Malnutrition in Mozambique,” WFP Press Release, 26 March 2012.