|Central Asia Map|
Photo: University of Texas
Food security remains a concern in certain parts of the Caucasus and Central Asia. Looking forward to 2030 and 2050, this number should drop as the region is a major producer of grains and should benefit from increased productivity and sustainability policies. Current statistics estimate that potential harvest yields are 30-40% below potential. As these are increased, poverty will decrease and farmer incomes will increase. Healthcare will then become a greater concern than food security as these rural regions lack health facilities.
The FAO conference discussed the best agricultural methods to boost productivity. Central to this issue is the efficient use of water resources and increasing yields without increasing fertilizer and pesticide usage.
"European and Central Asian countries reaffirm commitment to ending hunger; President of Azerbaijan calls hunger one of the “greatest curses of the 21st century” FAO Press Release, 20 April 2012.
"Health threats on horizon even as hunger declines in Europe and Central Asia," FAO Press Release, 18 April 2012.
Policies for Food Security in the Region: Challenges and Perspectives - Food Outlook Towards 2050. FAO: March 2012.