IFPRI - Southern Asia Food Security Paradox Results From the Difference Between Growth Rates, Quality of Life, and Non-Sustainable Use of Natural Resources.
IFPRI notes that the only way to change the Southern Asia food security paradox is to place a greater emphasis on sustainable agriculture. In other words, policymakers need to "green" agricultural production and take into account, the sustainable use of natural resources. They also need to incorporate climate change issues. Natural disasters cause the greatest damage to those living in poverty as it is very difficult for them to recover from the destruction of their shelter and food sources.
Lastly, IFPRI concludes that the Southern Asia food security paradox can be solved through the use of science, technology and innovation (STI). This includes the use of improved seeds (higher-yielding, salt-tolerant, drought-tolerant, flood-tolerant) and incorporating sustainability into agricultural policies. The first crucial step in this process is the assessment of natural resource assets and liabilities.
For more see:
Joshi, P. K. "Greening Agriculture in South Asia," IFPRI, 10 May 2012.